Glaucoma is an eye disorder in the form of damage to the optic nerve fibers in the vicinity of the eyeballs out. These nerve fibers carry information from the layer function of the retina that are sensitive to light, leading to the brain in order to be accepted as an image that we can see.Your eye needs a certain pressure in order to function properly. In some people, eye pressure can rise so will cause damage to the optic nerve. May also happen that the eye pressure is normal but still there is damage to the optic nerve caused by optic nerve itself is already weak (eye pressure is not the same as blood pressure).
Factors that Control the Ball Eye Pressure
One cell served producing fluid behind the iris, called Aquos. This fluid will flow through a small channel into the blood vessels. Normally the production and flow of the AQUOS is balanced out. If the discharge flow is blocked or excess production, the eye pressure will rise.
Why is high eye pressure dangerous?
If the optic nerve under pressure overload, there will be damage there. The amount larger and damaging depending on duration of stress, or poor blood flow in the optic nerve. Very high pressure will cause damage quickly, while not so high pressure that will cause damage that will slowly and gradually lead to blindness if not treated immediately anyway.
The main objective in the treatment of chronic glaucoma is to lower the eye pressure to use drugs, especially drops. If treatment is not successful then it can be switched to treatment with laser or surgery.
Although the damage done is irreversible, but with early diagnosis and treatment of regular inspection and damage can be inhibited to a minimum.